One fifth of the world´s energy consumption is consumed by the European Union, however, the EU has relatively few own reserves. It has massive impact on our economy. The EU is the world´s biggest energy importer – it imports 53 % of the energy it consumes, that is about 400 billion EUR a year.
The EU has set the targets to reduce the greenhouse gases emissions at least by 20 % by 2020, to increase the share of renewable energy to at least 20 % of its consumption and to achieve energy savings at least 20%.
When the EU achieves these goals, it can help combat climate change and air pollution, reduce its dependence on fossil fuels supplied from abroad, and keep the energy for consumers and businesses affordable.
If less energy was consumed, it would be very easy to reduce Europe´s energy import costs and its dependence on energy imports. Cars, washing machines, heating systems, or office equipment should be designed to consume less energy.
The EU has committed itself to reducing the carbon dioxide emissions by at least 40 % by 2030, while at the same time modernising the EU economy, creating jobs, and stimulating growth for all European citizens.
Renewable energy sources will play a significant role in the transition to the clean energy system. Europe has set the goal of reaching at least 27% share of renewable energy in total energy consumption by 2030. In 2030, half of the EU´ electricity will be generated from renewable sources. By 2050, our electricity should be produced without any carbon emissions.